Conventional thinking would have us believe that evolution is all about organisms adapting to the environments over time. Sure, but it probably goes deeper than this. There is no good reason to think that such adaptation is a purely a passive process, as if the environment itself molds organisms like an artist might shape clay. On the contrary, there is good reason to think organisms play an active role in this process, as if the clay was participating its own shape changes.
This is because we know all organisms adapt to their surroundings on a moment-by-moment basis through homeostasis. Adaptation not only occurs across generations, but occurs everyday in the life of an organism. In a sense, nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of homeostasis. And once we begin to explore this insight more fully, we will see that organisms don’t merely adapt to their environments. Organisms have the ability to adapt the environment to themselves. Instead of being passively molded by the environment, organisms can, and do, actively shape their environment. So if organisms shape their environment, and the environment is supposedly doing all the designing, just what is really doing that designing?